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  1. What is cancer?
    Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the body. Cancer develops when the body’s normal control mechanism stops working. Old cells do not die and instead grow out of control, forming new, abnormal cells. These extra cells may form a mass of tissue, called a tumor. Some cancers, such as leukemia, do not form tumors.
  2. What are the most common forms of cancer?
    • There are five main categories of cancer:
      • Carcinomas begin in the skin or tissues that line the internal organs.
      • Sarcomas develop in the bone, cartilage, fat, muscle or other connective tissues.
      • Leukemia begins in the blood and bone marrow.
      • Lymphomas start in the immune system.
      • Central nervous system cancers develop in the brain and spinal cord.
  3. How cancer is treated?
    Treatment options depend on the type of cancer, its stage, if the cancer has spread and your general health. The goal of treatment is to kill as many cancerous cells while reducing damage to normal cells nearby. The three main treatments are :
    • Surgery: directly removing the tumor
    • Chemotherapy: using chemicals to kill cancer cells
    • Radiation therapy: using X-rays to kill cancer cells
  4. Can cancer be prevented?
    Established preventive methods including not smoking, preventing sun damage, practicing safe sexual behavior, eating a high-fiber, low-fat diet, and having regular Pap tests would reduce the incidence of cancer. It's important to note that many people who develop cancer don't have any known risk factors. But more could probably be prevented if more information was known



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