Skin loses elasticity as we age because collagen production slows down over time. This process can be exacerbated by a variety of factors, including sun exposure, pollution, and certain lifestyle habits.
As you get older, your skin tends to become thinner and drier, too. When your skin doesn’t have as much moisture or volume as it used to, it can also make it more prone to wrinkles.
What are the factors of aging?
- The toxins in cigarette smoke expose your skin to oxidative stress. This causes dryness, wrinkles, and other signs of premature aging.
- Sun exposure and tanning
- Tanning beds and exposure to the sun penetrate your skin with UV rays. These rays damage the DNA in your skin cells, causing wrinkles.
- Sleep habits
- Sleep gives your body an opportunity to refresh and regenerate cells.
- At least one small study has indicated that poor sleep quality is connected to increased signs of aging and a diminished skin barrier function.
- Some research suggests that eating a diet high in sugar and refined carbohydrates can damage your skin over time.
- Alcohol and caffeine intake
- Drinking alcohol excessively dehydrates your body. Over time, this dehydration can cause your skin to sag and lose its shape.
- Caffeine may have a similar effect, although there’s conflicting research about if daily coffee consumption causes wrinkles.
- Pigment spots and wrinkles can be triggered or worsened by environmental pollutants.
- Since your skin comes into direct contact with the air around you, your skin barrier is being subjected to the toxins and pollutants in your daily environment.
- A stressful lifestyle can trigger an inflammatory response in your body, as well as hurt your sleep habits. Stress hormones and inflammation can age your body faster.
Sign and symptom of aging skin
- Sun spots, also called age spots and liver spots, are flat spots on your skin caused by years of sun exposure.
- Gaunt hands.
- Inflammation or hyperpigmentation along chest.
- Dry or itchy skin.
- Wrinkles or sagging.
- Hair loss.
Ways to prevent premature aging
Protect your skin from the sun every day.
- Whether spending a day at the beach or running errands, sun protection is essential. You can protect your skin by seeking shade, covering up with sun-protective clothing — such as a lightweight and long-sleeved shirt, pants, a wide-brimmed hat, and sunglasses with UV protection — and using sunscreen that is broad-spectrum, SPF 30 (or higher), and water-resistant. You should apply sunscreen every day to all skin that is not covered by clothing. For more effective protection, look for clothing with an ultraviolet protection factor (UPF) label.
Apply self-tanner rather than get a tan.
- Every time you get a tan, you prematurely age your skin. This holds true if you get a tan from the sun, a tanning bed, or other indoor tanning equipment. All emit harmful UV rays that accelerate how quickly your skin ages.
If you smoke, stop.
- Smoking greatly speeds up how quickly skin ages. It causes wrinkles and a dull, sallow complexion.
Avoid repetitive facial expressions.
- When you make a facial expression, you contract the underlying muscles. If you repeatedly contract the same muscles for many years, these lines become permanent. Wearing sunglasses can help reduce lines caused by squinting.
Eat a healthy, well-balanced diet.
- Findings from a few studies suggest that eating plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables may help prevent damage that leads to premature skin aging. Findings from research studies also suggest that a diet containing lots of sugar or other refined carbohydrates can accelerate aging.
Drink less alcohol.
- Alcohol is rough on the skin. It dehydrates the skin, and in time, damages the skin. This can make us look older.
Exercise most days of the week.
- Findings from a few studies suggest that moderate exercise can improve circulation and boost the immune system. This, in turn, may give the skin a more-youthful appearance.
Cleanse your skin gently.
- Scrubbing your skin clean can irritate your skin. Irritating your skin accelerates skin aging. Gentle washing helps to remove pollution, makeup, and other substances without irritating your skin.
Wash your face twice a day and after sweating heavily.
- Perspiration, especially when wearing a hat or helmet, irritates the skin, so you want to wash your skin as soon as possible after sweating.
Apply a facial moisturizer every day.
- Moisturizer traps water in our skin, giving it a more youthful appearance.
Stop using skin care products that sting or burn.
- When your skin burns or stings, it means your skin is irritated. Irritating your skin can make it look older.
- FILORGA RANGE
- ALKEMIE ANTI AGING RANGE
- LA MAV SKINCARE
- THE ORDINARY RETINOL
- SOLEO ORGANIC SUNSCREEN
- SANNY & JOLEEN ANTI-POLLUTION SUNSCREEN