The primary goal of first aid is to prevent death or serious injury from worsening.
The key aims of first aid can be summarized with the acronym of 'the three Ps':
Preserve life: The overriding aim of all medical care which includes first aid is to save lives and minimize the threat of death. First aid done correctly should help reduce the patient's level of pain and calm them down during the evaluation and treatment process.
Prevent further harm: Prevention of further harm includes addressing both external factors, such as moving a patient away from any cause of harm, and applying first aid techniques to prevent worsening of the condition, such as applying pressure to stop a bleed from becoming dangerous.
Promote recovery: First aid also involves trying to start the recovery process from the illness or injury, and in some cases might involve completing a treatment, such as in the case of applying a plaster to a small wound.
What are inside first aid kits?
- Plasters in a variety of different sizes and shapes
- Small, medium and large sterile gauze dressings
- At least 2 sterile eye dressings
- Triangular bandages
- Crêpe rolled bandages
- Safety pins
- Disposable sterile gloves
- Alcohol-free cleansing wipes
- Sticky tape
- Thermometer (preferably digital)
- Skin rash cream, such as hydrocortisone or calendula
- Cream or spray to relieve insect bites and stings
- Antiseptic cream
- Painkillers such as paracetamol (or infant paracetamol for children), aspirin (not to be given to children under 16), or ibuprofen
- Cough medicine
- Antihistamine cream or tablets
- Distilled water for cleaning wounds
- Eye wash and eye bath
Who should have First aid kit?
The reality is that everyone should have a First Aid Kit on hand. Whether it is in your car, your business, your home, or in your sports duffel bag; you never know when you will be able to put your First Aid Kit to use on yourself or on others
Where should a First Aid Kit be stored?
A First Aid Kit can be stored where it is easily accessible in case of emergencies and every day life. In a kitchen, we recommend: a cupboard above the counter, under the sink, in an easily accessible drawer. In a vehicle, we recommend: the glove box, under your passenger side front seat. In a business, somewhere it is easily accessible
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