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Stop AIDS, Save LIFE

A - Acquired. This condition is acquired, meaning that a person becomes infected with it.

I - Immuno. HIV affects a person's immune system, the part of the body that fights off germs such as bacteria or viruses.

D - Deficiency. The immune system becomes deficient and does not work properly.

S - Syndrome. A person with AIDS may experience other diseases and infections because of a weakened immune system.

 

What is AIDS?

  • AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) is the most severe stage of HIV (Stage 3).
  • People with AIDS have badly damaged immune systems. They get an increasing number of severe illnesses, called opportunistic infections (OIs).
  • People receive an AIDS diagnosis when
    • they develop certain OIs, or
    • their CD4 cell count drops below 200 cells per millilitre of blood.

 

HIV can be transmitted through

  • Sexual transmission
    • It can happen when there is contact with infected sexual secretions.
    • This can happen while having unprotected sex
  • Perinatal transmission
    • The mother can pass the infection on tho her child during childbirth, pregnancy and also through breastfeeding
  • Blood transmission
    • Among drug users, sharing and reusing syringes contaminated with HIV-infected blood is extremely hazardous

 

How can I prevent opportunistic infections?

  • Don’t inject drugs
    • But if you do, use only sterile drug injection equipment and wter and never share your equipment with others.
  • Limit your number of sexual partners
    • The more partners you have, the more likely you are to have a partner with HIV whose HIV is not well controlled
  • Get tested and treated for STDs
    • Insist that your partners get tested and treated too.
  • Use Condoms
    • Use a condom correctly every time you have vaginal, anal or oral sex.

 

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